Pre-trip and post-trip inspections, along with preventive maintenance, can go a long way to keeping freight moving and drivers in service.
Editor’s note: International Roadcheck is May 4-6. This is part one of a three-part series on how fleets can prepare for and pass roadside inspections —not just during the 72-hour International Roadcheck but all year.
Anything that slows a truck driver can cost a fleet. A truck that breaks down on the side of the highway means a costly roadside repair and lost revenue because a shipment is delayed. It also means less on-duty time for a now detained driver. Preventive maintenance along with pre-trip and post-trip inspections by drivers can go a long way in helping them and their fleet be more productive and profitable. That time invested before and after trips can also be the difference between passing and failing a roadside inspection.
A roadside inspection done by law enforcement is at an officer’s discretion, Fred Fakkema, vice president of safety and compliance for Zonar Systems, said. “When they come through the weigh station, the enforcement officers get all the data that they need — whether the driver or the fleet has a good safety rating or not. But it’s really the low-hanging fruit, the easy thing that you can see, which you should find on your pre- and post-trip inspection: lights, mudflaps, windshield wipers, tires. They are all No. 1 violations on a roadside inspection,” Fakkema told FleetOwner.
The Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance’s (CVSA) International Roadcheck is May 4-6 this year. During that 72-hour period this week, commercial motor vehicle inspectors in jurisdictions throughout Canada, Mexico and the U.S. will conduct inspections on commercial motor vehicles and drivers.
As a former captain with the Washington State Patrol, where he led its commercial vehicle enforcement division, Fakkema knows his way around a roadside truck inspection and roadway safety. He said the best way for truck drivers to pass is to perform pre-trip and post-trip inspections of their own. Carriers that use a system like Zonar’s Electronic Verified Inspection Report “have seen a dramatic decrease in those inspection violations,” he noted. “It’s really about the safety on the roadways.”
The potential for a roadside inspection incentivizes drivers and carriers to value safety in and around the vehicles, according to Steve Vaughn, a former California Highway Patrol chief of enforcement, who is now vice president of field operations at PrePass Safety Alliance.
Safe drivers and safe roads begin with a pre-trip inspection, which also helps drivers be more productive, Vaughn told FleetOwner. When discussing pre-trip inspections, Vaughn urges fleets to reinforce the importance of them with the drivers during training sessions. “Talk up pre-trips as frequently as possible,” he stressed.
Vaughn said fleets that do spot checks of recent driver citations or other out-of-service violations should look at “how many of those could have been corrected by a proper pre-trip inspection.”
If, for example, a driver gets cited for missing or loose lug nuts or bald tires, that should have been caught on the pre-trip. “That’s something that didn’t just happen after they left the terminal,” he said. “Those are things that generally occur in or on the truck before the driver leaves.
“There are a number of things carriers can do,” Vaughn continued. “Reinforce the training, reinforce the message that you need to do your pre-trip, do some spot checks to make sure that violations are not occurring that should have been caught in the pre-trip, and maybe even have some type of incentive program.”
Gino Fontana, a vice president of operations for Transervice’s Berkeley Division, has found success with a pre-trip inspection incentive program like a scavenger hunt for drivers in his fleet.
“We would be very happy, for example, if every driver on every pre-trip checked the fluid levels of the truck,” Fontana told FleetOwner. “There’s probably room for improvement, so we’ll put things on the dipstick like a coupon that says, ‘If you find this, turn it in to the shop for a $5 Subway gift card.’”
That tells the fleet managers a driver is paying attention, Fontana noted. And if the coupon is dirty and looks like it’s been under the hood for two weeks, the managers will know that the truck was driven without thorough pre-trip inspections.
The key to passing a roadside inspection, Fontana said, is preparation. “That comes in a few forms. The driver’s pre-trip and post-trip is really the most critical piece of this because they’re the eyes of a fleet, and the pre-trip is an opportunity to catch anything that can be caught.”
To Fontana, however, a post-trip inspection is even more important than a driver’s pre-trip inspection. “That is because if a driver finds something on a pre-trip — like a flat tire or a leak, or a light that’s not working — that driver is trying to get out of the gate and is already on the clock,” he said. “Once hours of service have started is not an optimum time to have to pull into the shop.”
Even if a flat tire or faulty light can be fixed in 20 to 30 minutes, that’s time that gets charged to the driver, Fontana added. But if a driver finds those types of problems on a post-trip inspection, he can alert the maintenance crew about it so the problem can be resolved, and the truck is ready before the next driver conducts a pre-trip inspection.
The work before and after a trip can “really impact the bottom line — not only for the driver but for the carrier,” Zonar’s Fakkema said. “When you do a proper post- and pre-trip inspection, not only does it save funds for the fleet, but it makes them more efficient as well,” he added. “Most drivers are still being paid by the mile. If they get pulled in for a simple violation that could have been repaired during a proper pre-trip, their vehicle is not rolling, so they’re not getting paid. The carrier is not getting paid because their load is not being delivered.”
Just pulling into a weigh station with low air in a truck’s tires could open a driver to more problems. “The inspector is going to do a complete thorough inspection — not just a Level 3 or Level 2 walkaround,” Fakkema warned. “They’ll do a Level 1, 37-point inspection. They’ll crawl under the truck, and they’ll continue to look at everything. That leads into hours of service checks and everything else that goes along with the other requirements for a driver. So, it really opens up Pandora’s box just by not doing a pre-trip.”
During CVSA’s International Roadcheck, inspectors will ensure the vehicle’s brake systems, cargo securement, coupling devices, driveline/driveshaft components, driver’s seat, exhaust systems, frames, fuel systems, lighting devices, steering mechanisms, suspensions, tires, van and open-top trailer bodies, wheels, rims, hubs and windshield wipers are compliant with regulations. Inspections of motorcoaches, passenger vans and other passenger-carrying vehicles also include emergency exits, electrical cables and systems in the engine and battery compartments, and seating.
By Josh Fisher
The audit is a key tool to know the overall status and provide the analysis, the assessment, the advice, the suggestions and the actions to take in order to cut costs and increase the efficiency and efficacy of the fleet. We propose the following fleet management audit.